Crude oil is transported using various methods few of which are; By Sea- Tankers, Barges and By Surface- Rail, Pipelines and Truck tankers. The danger of spillage of oil always looms large by any of the above mentioned methods of transportation.
Such oil spills are considered forms of pollution. Oil spills also have highly adverse effects on the environment. These oil spills greatly affect animals by oil entering the lungs or livers of animals, which poisons the animals. Oil may also kill animals by blinding them by entering into their eyes. Studies have shown that the environmental damage of oil spills is far greater than originally thought. The hydrocarbons in petroleum-based oil are able to negatively impact marine life at concentrations as low as one part per billion. The heavier components of crude oil such as polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons cause the most damage. Although being less toxic they are not volatile and do not evaporate easily. The oil mixes deeply into pebbles or sandy beaches, and remains there for months or years. Oil Spills also affect marine plants by forming a thick layer on the water surface, and this layer blocks out light and prevents gaseous exchange. The project is addressing the issue with the following objectives
- To standardize the method to determine oil absorption in cotton
- To study the surface properties of different mic cottons by SEM
- To develop a product comprising raw cotton that can be used to control the oil spill at the ocean surface or otherwise.